CHEMISTRY PANEL (16 ESSENTIAL TESTS)

WHAT LAB TESTS ARE PERFORMED IN A CHEMISTRY PANEL?

The Chemistry Panel includes 16 essentials tests including:

1.     Sodium (Na)

2.     Potassium (K)

3.     Chloride (C)

4.     Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

5.     Albumin (Alb)

6.     Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP)

7.     Bilirubin (Bil) Direct

8.     Bilirubin (Bil) Total

9.     Aspartate Transaminase (AST)

10.  Alanine Transaminase (ALT)

11.  Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)

12.  Total Protein

13.  Calcium (Ca)

14.  Creatinine (Cr)

15.  Phosphorus

16.  Glucose

WHAT IS THE PRICE FOR A CHEMISTRY PANEL? 

$49.00

*Price may vary by location – contact your local ANY LAB TEST NOW

HOW LONG WILL IT TAKE TO GET MY LAB TEST RESULTS?

Test results generally take between 24 to 72 business hours after your specimen is collected.

 DESCRIPTION:

The Chemistry Panel includes 16 essential tests that are typically requested by your doctor as part of a routine check‐up or annual physical.  This panel gives you or your doctor a clearer picture of your overall health.See below for additional details on its test components. Note: This panel requires fasting. Do not eat for 10‐12 hours before taking the panel to ensure its accuracy.

•      Sodium (Na) Potassium (K), Chloride (C) and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) ‐ When tested, irregular values in these “electrolytes” can indicate trouble with your body’s salt/water or acid/base balance. Dehydration, vomiting, medications and kidney problems can cause these health issues.

•      Albumin   (Alb),   Alkaline   Phosphatase   (ALP),   Bilirubin   (Bil)‐Direct   and   Total,   Aspartate Transaminase (AST); and Alanine Transaminase (ALT) – These are proteins and enzymes found in the blood. Abnormal levels of any of these tests can indicate liver damage or liver disease.

•      Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN), Calcium (Ca), Creatinine (Cr), Phosphorus and Glucose Testing – These tests check for a range of problems that affect the kidneys, including kidney disease. These also measure the waste in the blood that may affect kidney filtration.

Note:  This  panel  requires  fasting. Do  not  eat  for  10‐12  hours  before  taking  the panel to  ensure  its accuracy.

WHY DO I NEED A CHEMISTRY PANEL?

This  is  one  of  the  most  common  blood  tests  available  and  it  gives  you  a  tremendous  amount  of information about your health.

OTHER RELEVANT LAB TESTS:

Most customers who are interested in the Chemistry Panel decide to upgrade to the Basic Check‐Up, Comprehensive Male Panel or the Comprehensive Female Panel. All of these Value Panels include the Chemistry Panel as well as other important tests.

WHAT ARE THE TEST RESULT RANGES?

Normal Range:

Normal ranges can depend on your gender and age. Below are the normal ranges for a healthy adult.

Albumin 3.5 – 5.0 gm/dL
Alkaline Phosphatase 50 – 160 units/L
Bilirubin Direct up to 0.4 mg/dL
Bilirubin Total up to 1.0 mg/dL
BUN 7 – 18 mg/dL
Calcium 8.5 – 10.5 mg/dL
Carbon Dioxide 20‐29 mEq/L
Chloride 98 – 106 mEq/L
Creatinine 0.6 – 1.2 mg/dL
Glucose 70‐110 mg/dL
Potassium 3.5 – 5.0 mEq/L
Total Protein 6.0 – 8.4 gm/dL
ALT 1 – 21 units/L
AST 7 – 27 units/L
Sodium 135 – 145 mEq/L
Phosphorus 3.0 – 4.5 mg/dL

 High Results Indicate:

ALBUMIN: Elevated levels of albumin could indicate dehydration.

ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE:  Elevated  levels  could  indicate  bone  growth  or  disease,  liver disease, leukemia or malignancies in the bone or liver.

BILIRUBIN DIRECT: Elevated levels could indicate hepatitis, cirrhosis, neoplasm or biliary disease.

BILIRUBIN TOTAL:   Elevated  levels  could  indicate  hepatitis,  cirrhosis,  neoplasm,  alcoholism, hemolytic disease, biliary obstruction or anorexia.

BUN: Elevated levels can indicate impaired kidney function.

CALCIUM:  Elevated  levels  can  indicate  dehydration,  hyperparathyroidism,  kidney  disease,  bone cancer or high Vitamin D, Vitamin A or Calcium intake.

CARBON  DIOXIDE:    Elevated  levels  can  indicate   chronic  obstructive  pulmonary  disease, emphysema, or pneumonia.

CHLORIDE: Elevated levels of chloride can indicate dehydration, high sodium or kidney disease.

CREATININE: Elevated levels can indicate kidney damage or infection, prostate disease or urinary tract obstruction.

GLUCOSE: Elevated levels could indicate hyperglycemia or diabetes.

POTASSIUM:  Elevated levels could indicate excessive potassium intake, hyperkalemia or kidney failure or damage.

TOTAL PROTEIN:  Elevated levels could indicate dehydration or high levels of albumin and/or globulin.

ALT:  Elevated levels could indicate liver disease, hepatocyte injury, hepatitis, drug therapy or biliary disease.

AST: Elevated levels could indicate alcoholism, cirrhosis, hepatitis, drug therapy or biliary disease.

SODIUM: Elevated levels of sodium could indicate hypernatremia or dehydration.

PHOSPHORUS: Elevated levels could indicate hypoparathyroidism or diabetic ketoacidosis.

Low Results Indicate:

ALBUMIN:  Low levels of albumin could indicate liver disease, nephrotic syndrome, heart failure or low intake or absorption of protein.

ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE:  Low  levels  could  indicate  a  zinc  deficiency,  hypothyroidism, Vitamin C or B6 deficiency, excessive Vitamin D intake or malnutrition.

BILIRUBIN DIRECT: Low levels are generally not a concern and are not monitored.

BILIRUBIN TOTAL: Low levels are generally not a concern and are not monitored.

BUN: Low levels are generally not a concern and are not monitored.

CALCIUM: Low levels can indicate parathyroid gland problems and intestinal absorption problems.

CARBON DIOXIDE: Low levels can indicate cirrhosis or liver failure.

CHLORIDE: Low levels of chloride can indicate low sodium, emphysema or chronic lung disease.

CREATININE: Low levels are usually not a concern, but may be caused by decreased muscle mass or pregnancy.

GLUCOSE: Low levels could indicate hypoglycemia.

POTASSIUM:  Low levels of potassium could indicate hypokalemia, dehydration or acetaminophen overdose.

TOTAL PROTEIN: Low total protein levels can indicate a liver or kidney disorder.

ALT: Low levels are generally not a concern and are not monitored.

AST: Low levels could indicate uremia, Vitamin B6 deficiency or drug therapy.

SODIUM: Low levels could indicate hyponatremia, fluid retention or too much water intake.

PHOSPHORUS:  Low  levels  of  phosphorus  could  indicate  hypercalcemia,  overuse  of  diuretics, hypothyroidism or chronic antacid use.

WHAT IF MY LAB TEST RESULTS ARE ABNORMAL OR OUT OF RANGE?

Please see your primary care physician.

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